“China Xinke is a young enterprise and an old unit. It is said that he is young because he was reorganized by the Wuhan Institute of Posts and Telecommunications and the Institute of Telecommunications Science and Technology on July 20, 2018. It is said that he is an old unit. It is because these two units, which were first affiliated to the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, were accompanied by the development of communications from scratch after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and the rapid development of information networks since the reform and opening up. Technology and industrial foundation.” As the first “head” after the merger of the two academies, Tong Guohua, chairman of China Xinke, felt a heavy responsibility and full of confidence when talking about the development of China Xinke.
With the original intention in mind, all the way through trials and hardships
In 1982, it was an important node in the development history of China’s communications industry. The report of the “Twelfth National Congress of the Communist Party of China” put forward for the first time vigorously strengthening the construction of post and telecommunications, and was committed to providing assistance to reform and opening up through the improvement of infrastructure. It was also this year that the “August 2nd Project”, the first practical system project for optical fiber communication in my country, which marked the beginning of my country’s entry into the era of digital communication, was completed. It has only been 5 years since the practical use of optical fibers. It was also in the year of “Going Fast” in Posts and Telecommunications. Tong Guohua, a university graduate, carried his dream and original intention of the telecommunications business, and rode the “Three Wheels of Manpower” from Wuhan University on the west side of the East Lake to Wuhan Post on the east side of the East Lake. The Academy of Sciences once took root in communications, and it has been nearly 40 years in the blink of an eye.
From a basic research and development personnel to the helm of a central information technology enterprise, after 40 years of wind and rain, the great changes in China’s communication industry have far exceeded his dreams and even fantasies when he graduated from college. As a witness and witness of China’s information and communication industry from small to large, from weak to strong, Tong Guohua expressed that it was both hard and fulfilling, and he was grateful for this era in his heart. “There is no other country’s communication network that can connect so many people, connect so many industries, and bring about such a big boost to the economy and society. I am fortunate to participate in the great construction and development of the reform and opening up communications industry, and to join hands with the industry to lead China’s information industry. It is the responsibility of the times to move communication technology to the forefront of the world stage, and it is also the luck of our information technology practitioners.”
Since the 1980s, my country’s communication technology has completed a huge transformation from electromechanical to program control, analog to digital, copper cable to optical fiber to wireless communication. As the first industry in line with international standards, information and communication has formed a fierce competition pattern of “seven countries and eight systems”, and “playing international competitions at home” has become the norm. To reverse this situation of being controlled by others can only rely on continuous innovation. As China’s outstanding scientific research institutes, Wuhan Academy of Posts and Telecommunications Research Institute unswervingly carry the banner of independent innovation, and constantly “straighten their backs” in the competition and competition with international communication giants.
Wuhan Academy of Posts is the birthplace of China’s optical communication, which radiates and drives the rapid development of China’s optical communication industry. More than 40 years ago, glass-wire communication was considered a fantasy. However, Wuhan Academy of Posts and Posts gave full play to the spirit of daring to be the first, overcame many difficulties from the theoretical and practical levels, and finally turned corruption into magic, realizing that “stone” becomes gold, and sand becomes “fiber”. In 1976, when the poor and most people did not believe or understand, the Wuhan Academy of Posts, relying on their own scientific and technological beliefs and unremitting perseverance, launched a native method and pulled out China’s first practical optical fiber. Implemented the world’s longest overhead optical cable communication line at that time, the Beijing-Hanzhou-Guangzhou Project, which achieved almost all the firsts in China’s optical communication field, helped the optical communication industry to take root and flourish in China, and also led our country from “” The “copper” era is moving towards the “light” era, creating huge economic and social value. Today, China Xinke has become the only company in the world that has the ability to conduct comprehensive research and development on the three major strategies in the field of optical fiber communication. For many years, it has been ranked first in the “Top 10 Most Comprehensive Competitive Enterprises of Optical Communication in China”, and its research and development level is in the world’s leading ranks in the fields of ultra-large capacity, ultra-high speed, ultra-long-distance optical transmission and optical communication chips.
The Telecom Research Institute is the “innovative highland” of China’s wireless communications, and has always been at the forefront of wireless communications development. In the generation and competition of a new generation of broadband mobile communication standards, starting from the 3G era, the Telecom Research Institute has actively exerted the appeal of leading companies, opened up TD-SCDMA technology and related knowledge, established a cooperative development test platform and environment for resource sharing, and promoted Technology sharing and close cooperation between enterprises have formed a complete industrial chain covering systems, chips, software, terminals, wireless repeaters, antennas, network management, test instruments and test environments, etc., which has promoted the development of wireless communication standards in my country. It will improve the system competitiveness of the upstream and downstream of my country’s wireless communication industry, lay a talent and industrial foundation for the development of 4G and 5G later, and also provide assistance for the implementation of my country’s innovation-driven strategy and the transformation of economic development mode.
“In the cracks of the market, we faced difficulties, gritted our teeth and innovated, and finally broke out a ‘blood road’ and reached today step by step. It is through our continuous independent innovation that we have accumulated the technologies required for the development of national communications, and reduced the It has reduced the construction cost of my country’s communication network, and made it possible for information technology to benefit people’s livelihood and society. The joint efforts of the industry have changed the situation that my country’s information and communication used to be dependent on foreign countries and controlled by foreign countries.” Tong Guohua said.
Fast track to development before reform
In the mid-to-late 1980s, with the deepening of reform and opening up, the central government made the deployment of “reform of the scientific and technological system” to solve the problem of “two skins” between science and technology and the economy. . “Where are the scientific research institutes going?” At that time, it became a question that Tong Guohua had been thinking about for a long time. Tong Guohua, who maintains an in-depth insight into the global communication industry, gives a “prescription” that is to focus on the industrialization of scientific and technological achievements on the one hand, and stimulate the vitality of scientific and technological talents on the other.
“In the past, our scientific and technological achievements were paper-oriented, but many research results were often shelved. Even very successful results, such as our 140M and 565M optical communication systems in the past, have to be transferred to the industrial head office after the successful research and development. The results of mass production and transfer are not ideal. We realize that we must write papers in the economy and society, and write them in hundreds of industries, and we must form our own industrial system.” “Adhering to market orientation and industrializing scientific and technological achievements” has always been one of Tong Guohua’s important business concepts. The “simultaneous development of the four modernizations” path of capitalization and internationalization continued to promote reform and innovation. Through the reform of the system and mechanism, resolutely and thoroughly complete the reform of the “three systems”, and successfully realize the transformation of Wuhan Institute of Posts from a public institution to an enterprise, from a state-owned sole proprietorship to a joint-stock system, and from a product company to an industrial group company; Standard, regard customer needs as an important basis for project establishment and product planning, and regard market share and profitability as the key elements for evaluating the success of products; by strengthening market capabilities, it has filled up the most lacking “big market” of scientific research institutes. ” and “large-scale production” are two major shortcomings, and an international marketing network covering the world and key regions has been established, with overseas sales accounting for nearly 20%; An investment and financing platform, using the channels of listed companies, to increase the integration of innovation resources on a global scale. Among them, during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, Wuhan Academy of Posts and Sciences relied on the platform of listed companies to raise nearly 3 billion yuan. By building a VC and PE equity investment fund platform, it absorbed more than 350 million yuan of social capital and injected large-scale technology investment into the enterprise. It has ensured that the Wuhan Academy of Posts has maintained a compound growth rate of 20% for many consecutive years. At the same time, it is also the only enterprise that has been continuously awarded the A-level rating of the central enterprise assessment in the past two years.
Talent is the key core resource of science and technology enterprises. How to strengthen the innovation of talent mechanism within the framework of the state-owned system, do the work of retaining and educating people, and provide long-term driving force for scientific and technological innovation of enterprises, has been a problem that Tong Guohua has been paying close attention to for many years. Tong Guohua placed the talent mechanism reform at the key position of corporate governance, led enterprises to carry out effective reform practices, successively explored and implemented a market-oriented employee incentive model, and promoted equity incentives for listed companies. Fiberhome is one of the first centrally-held listed companies to implement equity incentives, achieving a major breakthrough in the system. In non-listed companies, around the “incremental” part of the company, various incentive models such as job dividend rights, technology shares, new product sales commissions, and project breakthrough rewards have been actively explored and applied. The core backbone’s sense of ownership has been greatly improved, and the innovation vitality keep releasing.
Whether it is in Wuhan Academy of Posts, or transferred to the Telecom Research Institute, “grasping key core talents and vigorously promoting marketization and industrialization” is Tong Guohua’s always firm belief in becoming a stronger, better, and bigger scientific research enterprise.
“The innovation and reform of the scientific and technological system have given the two academies the wings to take off, and the promotion of a series of scientific and technological system reforms has given the two academies the impetus to move forward.” Tong Guohua said, “The standard in the past may have been internationally leading and world-class. Whether it can be industrialized or whether it can serve the communication market is not a priority. But now, the evaluation criteria have completely changed, and the technology must be acceptable to the market and create benefits in the market.”
In July 2018, Wuhan Academy of Posts and Telecommunications Research Institute implemented a joint reorganization to establish China Information and Communication Technology Co., Ltd., turning a new page in the history of the two institutes and building the baton into a world-class information and communication enterprise with world competitiveness It was handed over to Tong Guohua. As the first “head” of the new group, in the new era when a new round of technological revolution and industrial revolution is superimposed, how to lead the new group to help our country lead a new wave of information technology and run the first bar of reform and development became the main topic.
After the establishment of the company, focusing on building a major power in the field of information and communication, China Xinke has established six major industrial directions: focusing on the “three major modules” of 5G standards, industrial support and industrial applications, and striving to be a global leader in the field of wireless communication; The “three major technologies” of optical fiber and cable, optoelectronics and optical communication system, and strive to be a leading enterprise in the field of global optical communication; cooperate with the “three major links” of chip design, manufacturing and packaging, and strive to be the leading enterprise in the world of integrated circuits and high-end optoelectronic devices; tackling routing and switching , the “three major points” of computing storage and cloud-network integration, and strive to be the core enterprise in the field of data communication; the “three major advantages” of data governance, business mining, and special communication technology, and strive to be the national team in the field of network security and special communication; Empower the “three major applications” of government and enterprises, people’s livelihood and social governance, and strive to be the main force in the construction of new smart cities.
Focusing on the six major industrial directions, Tong Guohua said that through continuous reform, he will seek impetus from reform and benefit from management. He asked enterprises to continue to consolidate their technological innovation capabilities, strive to become a benchmark enterprise of technological innovation in the sequence of central enterprises, take advantage of a new round of new technological cycles, give full play to the relative advantages of “fixed network + mobile” in the field of information and communication, and continuously improve the level of innovation and connotation; it is necessary to intensify the supply-side structural reform, strive to be a model for deepening the reform of the system and mechanism, focus on solving the “stuck neck” problem that restricts the development of my country’s telecommunications, explore the path of high-quality development of enterprises, and help information technology better serve social development ; It is necessary to explore and improve medium and long-term incentive measures, and strive to become an enterprise with surging innovation and vitality. With incentive policies such as talent equity options, it is necessary to provide effective and practical incentive mechanisms for high-tech central enterprises to promote the sustainable development of enterprises.
“In the past 20 years, we have changed from a single scientific research institute to a high-tech enterprise. I hope that after another 20 years of hard work, we will turn a modern high-tech enterprise into an internationally influential and world-class information company. Communication technology enterprises.” Tong Guohua said.
Embrace the tide of the 5G era
As an enabling technology, 5G will leverage the Internet of Everything to change thousands of industries and thus our society. As a leading enterprise in the field of mobile communications, China Xinke has made preparations for embracing the 5G era after years of accumulation.
As early as 2013, China Xinke released a 5G white paper and carried out pre-research. “As a core enterprise of my country’s independent innovation, China Information Technology Group has achieved a number of achievements in 5G standard formulation, 5G series commercial products and rich applications, industrial promotion and ecological cooperation, laying the foundation for 5G commercial use and becoming the backbone of 5G development. The backbone. In the future, China Xinke will gather all the resources of the entire group to ensure the success of 5G technology and the market.” Tong Guohua said.
In terms of technology, China Telecom has made many important contributions to the development of 5G. China Information Technology has made breakthroughs in TDD air interface design, large-scale antenna ultra-dense networking, orthogonal multiple access, mobility management, etc., and the proposed standards have also been recognized by standards organizations. China Information Technology’s layout Over 4,000 5G invention patents, leading the world in key technologies such as large-scale antennas and ultra-dense networking; submitted over 6,000 5G standard proposals, accounting for about 1/9 of the global total; developed a full set of 5G main equipment, with product performance ranking third in the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Ranked in the top three in the stage test. China Xinke has taken the lead in formulating the international standard of C-V2X Internet of Vehicles in the world, developed the first set of vehicle-level modules, built an industrial ecology, and achieved global leadership. In the process of 5G system equipment testing and the testing of the three major operators’ experimental networks, China Telecom is at the forefront.
“China has established a first-mover advantage in 5G technology, standards, and industries. We firmly believe that 5G will become a powerful driving force for social, economic and cultural development. In the future, the world will inevitably become smarter and better because of 5G. China Information Technology will be committed to Unswervingly adhere to innovation and strive to provide better 5G products and services for the society,” Tong Guohua said. It is understood that China Information Technology will integrate all the resources of the group to improve the speed and capability of 5G system development. At present, China Xinke has nearly 5,000 people conducting 5G research. At the same time, China Xinke is also vigorously expanding the “5G + vertical industry” and strengthening its layout in the operator market, vertical industry market, and overseas market.
Bear in mind the mission, face the future with innovation
At the end of the interview, when talking about how China’s telecommunications industry faces the crossroads of development and how young people who have just joined the telecommunications industry should plan for the future, Tong Guohua said that information and communications, as the basic, leading and strategic industries of the national economy, The immersion of information technology into society will become deeper and the traction will become larger and larger. The intergenerational time gap between new technologies and new applications is constantly shortening. It is urgent for enterprises to maintain a high degree of sensitivity and sufficient pressure in terms of scientific research strategic layout and resource investment. . “Comrade Xi Jinping emphasized that key technologies and core technologies must be based on their own when inspecting the group. At the crossroads of the industry, innovation is the direction. The development of the world’s communications industry has proved that only innovators can lead the development, and only continuous innovation. Only by sticking to the original intention of innovation and development in China’s communications industry can we ‘stand firm in our position’ in the coordinate system of world communications.”
For young people, Tong Guohua said that information and communication is not only a hot spot for hope, but also a touchstone for talents. “This industry will create infinite reverie, because there are rapid technological advancements here, so this industry will provide a large enough stage for the creativity of young people. There is no permanent leader in this industry, so we must keep Running hard, the speed of technological iteration determines that communicators must be tempered in hardships and striving to move forward in relay struggles. This is the reason and hope that China’s telecommunications industry can be at the forefront of the world. I firmly believe that young people who are interested in communications must If we can create value, China’s communications industry will definitely move towards a leading position,” Tong Guohua said. Today’s China’s communications industry has achieved parallel and partial leadership with the world. Young people will stand on the shoulders of giants and climb to the peak of information and communication technology, so that information technology will continue to benefit society and mankind.
This year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Tong Guohua offered his sincere wishes to the development of the new China’s telecommunications industry: “In the past 70 years, my country’s telecommunications industry has continued to grow and mature, showing the world the vitality of China’s information and communication industry. In the new era, my country’s telecommunications industry will definitely not forget its original intention, keep its mission firmly in mind, build a “national weapon” in the field of information and communication, continue to work hard for the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and serve the People’s Republic of China with outstanding achievements. 70th anniversary gift!”