On September 29, the China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) released the 46th “Statistical Report on the Development of China’s Internet Network” (hereinafter referred to as the “Report”) in Beijing. The “Report” focuses on five aspects: Internet infrastructure, the scale and structure of netizens, Internet application development, Internet government affairs development, and Internet security.
The Internet inspires great power to help the fight against the epidemic achieve a major victory
The “Report” shows that as of June 2020, the number of netizens in my country reached 940 million, an increase of 36.25 million compared with March 2020, and the Internet penetration rate reached 67.0%, an increase of 2.5 percentage points compared with March 2020. Wu Tienan, Secretary of the CNNIC Party Committee and Deputy Director, pointed out that during the epidemic, my country’s Internet industry has shown great development vitality and resilience, which not only played a key role in the precise and effective prevention and control of the epidemic, but also played a key role in digital infrastructure, digital economy, and digital benefits for the people. Remarkable progress has been made in areas such as digital governance and digital governance, and it has become an important force for my country to cope with new challenges and build a new economy.
Zhang Xiao, deputy director of CNNIC, interpreted the report and summarized the highlights of China’s Internet development in the first half of 2020 from eight aspects:
First, the “network” brings together forces, and “new business formats” help stabilize the overall situation in the fight against the epidemic. In the first half of the year, online education, online medical care, telecommuting and other application services played a huge role in maintaining the normal operation of the social economy and stabilizing the basic needs of people’s livelihood. As of June 2020, the number of online education users reached 381 million, accounting for 40.5% of the total Internet users; the number of online medical users reached 276 million, accounting for 29.4% of the total Internet users; the number of telecommuting users reached 199 million, accounting for 21.2% of the total Internet users .
The second is the “net” Luo technology, and the “new infrastructure” will focus on increasing the amount of energy. In the first half of the year, the intensive deployment of the central government accelerated the progress of “new infrastructure”, and positive progress was made in many important areas: as of the end of June 2020, the number of 5G terminal connections had exceeded 66 million, and three basic telecommunications companies had opened more than 400,000 5G base stations. In the field of industrial Internet, more than 500 industrial Internet platforms with distinctive features and diverse capabilities have been cultivated. As of July 2020, my country has allocated 1.442 billion IPv6 address users and 362 million active IPv6 users. The top 100 commercial websites and applications have all supported IPv6 access.
The third is the “network” to promote development, and the “new economy” to expand domestic demand to help transformation. As of June 2020, the scale of e-commerce live broadcast, short video and online shopping users in my country has increased by more than 5% compared with March, and the scale of e-commerce live broadcast users has reached 309 million, an increase of 44.3 million compared with March 2020, and the scale growth rate has reached 16.7% %, became the fastest growing personal Internet application in the first half of the year, and provided a positive help for promoting the transformation of traditional industries and driving the upward trend of agricultural products. The scale of online retail users reached 749 million, accounting for 79.7% of the total netizens. The market has remained the world’s first for seven consecutive years, providing important support for the formation of a new development pattern.
Fourth, the “Internet” is warm, and the “new people benefiting” will help people get rid of poverty. As of June 2020, the number of netizens in my country has reached 940 million, equivalent to one-fifth of the global netizens. The Internet penetration rate was 67.0%, about 5 percentage points higher than the global average. The digital divide between urban and rural areas has narrowed significantly. The difference in Internet penetration between urban and rural areas is 24.1%, which has narrowed to less than 30% for the first time since 2017. As an important means of poverty alleviation, online poverty alleviation has been increasingly understood and participated by netizens.
Fifth, the “net” comes to culture, and the “new communication” tells stories to create a new style. As of June 2020, the number of online video (including short video) users in my country reached 888 million, accounting for 94.5% of the total netizens. Among them, short video has become a new choice for news reports and a new standard for e-commerce platforms. The scale of online news users is 725 million, accounting for 77.1% of the total netizens. Online news uses platforms such as social media and short videos to improve the communication efficiency through visual means and assist in anti-epidemic propaganda and reporting.
Sixth, the “Internet” knows the world, and the “new tool” sees the world at zero distance. As of June 2020, the number of online payment users in my country reached 805 million, an increase of 4.8% over March 2020, accounting for 85.7% of the total netizens. The mobile payment market has ranked first in the world for three consecutive years, and played an important role in benefiting the people during the epidemic. It has expanded more application scenarios of “+payment”; instant messaging has become one of the fastest growing applications during the epidemic, with a user base of 931 million, an increase of 34.66 million compared with March 2020.
Seventh, “network” fills demand, and “new service” guarantees the supply of transportation capacity. Affected by the epidemic, online channels have provided a new development window for the service industry. Digital services such as online food delivery, online education, online car-hailing, and online medical care are booming, with user scales reaching 409 million, 381 million, 340 million and 276 million respectively, accounting for 43.5%, 40.5%, 36.2% and 36.2% of the total netizens, respectively. 29.4%, which not only meets the needs of netizens, but also provides assistance for the digital development of the service industry.
Eighth, “net” talks about governance, and “new governance” promotes legislative innovation. As of June 2020, the number of online government service users in my country reached 773 million, accounting for 82.2% of the total netizens. In the first half of the year, the government governance system was continuously improved and the governance capacity was continuously improved. “Civil Code of the People’s Republic of China” and “Data Security Law of the People’s Republic of China (Draft)” gradually promote digital governance to have laws to abide by; a multi-coordinated governance system around the government, platforms, and society is being formed at an accelerated pace; online government services are becoming more and more mature, and national government affairs The service platform construction has achieved outstanding results.
Promoting “Internet + Government Services” to ensure both epidemic prevention and control and resumption of work and production
Wang Yimin, director of the E-government Research Center of the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (National School of Administration) and deputy director of the National E-government Expert Committee, believes that the data in the “Report” fully reflects the continuous improvement of my country’s Internet + government services in the first half of the year due to the epidemic. The governance system has been continuously improved. First, the construction of the national government service platform has achieved outstanding results. As of June 2020, the number of registered users of the national government service platform reached 126 million, with a total of 1.002 billion visitors and a total of 5.891 billion page views. The five-level online service system of “covering urban and rural areas, linking up and down, and clear levels” of “horizontal to side and vertical to the bottom” has initially taken shape. Second, grid governance has brought forth new innovations. Urban and rural communities in many provinces and cities have actively carried out epidemic prevention work through digital tools such as community WeChat groups and small programs, which has become a major innovation in grassroots governance. Third, “Internet + government services” has effectively promoted the resumption of work and production after the epidemic. The national government service platform has successively launched “service columns for small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households” and 15 service topics such as epidemic prevention and control, resumption of work and production, and employment services. At the same time, it will build an “epidemic prevention health information code”, gather and support 623 million pieces of “health code” data to be shared across the country, and serve a total of 600 million person-times, which has become an important innovation in supporting epidemic prevention and control with big data.
The security experience of Chinese netizens continues to improve, and the network security environment is further improved
Under the background of “new infrastructure”, new formats of digital economy help improve China’s economic “resilience”
Lv Benfu, vice chairman of the National Innovation and Development Strategy Research Association and director of the Network Economy and Knowledge Management Research Center of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, believes that under the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic in the first half of the year, China’s economy has been forced to stretch its “ligaments”. Business management and business activities are facing new challenges. The rapid development of new formats, new models and digital technologies of the digital economy has provided important support for improving the resilience of China’s economic “ligament” and promoting the formation of new economic growth points. First, digital technologies such as 5G and the Industrial Internet provide the underlying foundation for the digital economy. With the help of digital technology, large-scale matching algorithms and high-speed network transmission to the cloud, the transmission of information is faster and the dissipation of energy is less, promoting the digital economy to become a “low-entropy economy”. Second, digital consumption such as online shopping has provided new impetus for promoting the internal circulation of the economy. In the first half of the year, the scale of online retail has exceeded a quarter of the total retail sales of social consumer goods, and its supporting role in consumption has been further strengthened. The “Report” data shows that new e-commerce models such as fresh food e-commerce, agricultural products e-commerce, cross-border e-commerce, and second-hand e-commerce have also maintained rapid development, with user scales reaching 257 million, 248 million, 138 million and 6143 million respectively. It has played an active role in promoting the upward trend of agricultural products, driving the return of consumption and promoting the development of idle economy. Third, digital services represented by telecommuting are forming a new service format. It can be found from the “Report” that the user scales of online education, online medical care, and telecommuting have reached 381 million, 276 million and 199 million respectively, becoming Internet applications with great development potential. While promoting innovation in the service industry, they continue to enhance economic growth. toughness.
Network poverty alleviation has achieved remarkable results, and a long-term mechanism must be established to benchmark rural revitalization
Wang Xiangdong, the former director of the Information Technology Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that this “Report” records the remarkable achievements my country has made in poverty alleviation through the Internet with data from multiple dimensions, which is very rare. First, rural areas have achieved network coverage, and the urban-rural gap has been significantly reduced. The “Report” data shows that the Internet penetration rate in rural areas in the first half of the year was 52.3%, an increase of 6.1 percentage points from March 2020, and the difference in Internet penetration rates between urban and rural areas narrowed by 6.3 percentage points. Second, the era of “same network and speed” in rural and urban areas is coming. The proportion of poverty-stricken villages in the country who have access to fiber optics has increased from less than 70% in 2017 to 98%, and the proportion of poor villages in deeply impoverished areas has increased from 25% to 98%. Third, the effectiveness of online poverty alleviation has been recognized by the majority of netizens. As of June 2020, the proportion of netizens who recognized the Internet’s role in “providing help to the poor”, “facilitating the sale of agricultural products through e-commerce”, and “providing more opportunities for work and medical education for the poor” had increased compared with March 2020. Wang Xiangdong also said that online poverty alleviation should benchmark rural revitalization on the basis of consolidating and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation, and establish a long-term mechanism. It is necessary to use online consumption poverty alleviation to help achieve poverty alleviation within a time limit to stable poverty alleviation, from absolute poverty to relative poverty. , from “blood transfusion” to “hematopoiesis”, from helping poverty alleviation to revitalizing the industry.